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Although there have been serious developments in adapting Bloom's taxonomy in architectural design studio through the last few years, in addition to the advancements achieved of applying digital media in the education process, but still there is no integrated framework that gather all threads together. The learning objectives of advanced design studio include pragmatic thinking through testing new hypotheses, evaluating and applying different parameters, and identifying appropriate decisions. This is achieved by defeating barriers between design studio and building sciences considerations by addressing the process of simulation through the domains and levels of the revised Bloom's taxonomy.
The Design Studio and building sciences have always been an independent process due to the lack of an integrated framework. This fact prepares a good basis to explore the utilization of revised Bloom's taxonomy levels to be adapted by using the process of digital simulation in design studio as a decision-supporting tool. This paper aims to design a path for the process of building simulation through upgrading the framework of Bloom's taxonomy.
The research method for this paper is a qualitative exploration of integrating building simulation software and applied it in an Environmental design studio. The importance of the proposed framework is revealed by measuring the attained attributes. The results shows that using this methodology in the design studio unveiled the gaps of learning domains that students are facing through conventional architectural education.


Author(s): Samer El Sayary , Hiba Mohsen& Lamis Mantash., Faculty of Architectural Engineering, Beirut Arab University

Re-Thinking Courtyard Housing: Development of Traditional Islamic Courthouses into Zero-Energy Buildings


Sustainable design is the philosophy of designing physical objects, building environments, and services that comply with the principles of social, economic and ecological sustainability (Lombard, L.P et al., 2008). The idea of courtyards as a method of plan configuration goes back to thousands of years to Neolithic settlements. In the beginning, the logic behind this configuration was mainly to provide a shelter against outside forces, such as invasions by humans and wild animals. Over time, it developed into a solid, logical configuration that not only maximizes the built-up area in the urban context but also allows controlling sunlight penetration, especially in regions where it is abundant. However, it soon became a generic typology in hot, arid, climatic landscapes and therefore formed the basis of the urban patterns of the Madina's in the Islamic World. Furthermore, the cultural relevance of this plan's typology is of high importance (P. Torcellini et al., 2006). A preliminary study output was performed prior to this research to analyze various physical elements of traditional courtyard houses located in a hot, arid region in Egypt. This paper presents a research project carried out to explore the potentials of traditional Islamic courthouses and to develop them into zero energy consumption houses that suits the Egyptian contemporary lifestyle. Wide and vast studies were conducted to investigate the passive aspects of the traditional Islamic houses in Egypt and to analyze their architectural vocabulary responsible for creating a passive contemporary sustainable house. Then by developing these elements, using environmental analysis of energy consumption calculations and CFD simulations, a contemporary prototype house was proposed as a development of the traditional Islamic houses that were built in middle Ages in Middle East.
Re-Thinking Courtyard Housing: Development of Traditional Islamic Courthouses into Zero-Energy Buildings.

Source: Conference: World Sustainable Built Environment Conference 2017 Hong Kong, At Hong Kong, Volume: Conference Proceeding, June 2017

Author(s): El Sayary, Samer; Ossama, Omar, Faculty of Architectural Engineering, Beirut Arab University, Lebanon.​

Achieving Sustainable Adaptive Reuse in Architectural Design Studio using Environmental Simulation


Education for sustainability must go beyond teaching sustainable strategies in design methodologies. It must give students practical skills that enable them to continue learning after they graduate. This paper addresses the integration of sustainable design process as a pedagogical approach in the architectural studio which is applied on an adaptive reuse project. It aims to explore the use of building simulation as a tool to evaluate different sustainable solutions, to highlight on the significance of design decisions and to emphasize on improving building performance indicators. It also investigates Blooms taxonomy as a benchmark of student's learning domains, linking it to the environmental simulation in design Studio by developing this methodology of learning architectural design. An assessment of several projects carried out within design studio course using Design Builder; a simulation software in the design process will be compared with the conventional design method that is based on functional and aesthetic criteria only. The challenge of limiting the design within the constraints of an existing building reveal that site selection impacts the sustainable approach through the design process. The result shows the significance of this quantitative experiment that can support students in testing different alternatives from the early stage of the design process and manipulate their design based on informed and reliable results to optimize building performance.

Source: Conference: COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION IN ENGINEERING 10th World Congress on Engineering Education “Engineering Education for Sustainable Development” November 29 – 30, 2015 Beirut, LEBANON

Author(s): Hiba Mohsen, Samer El Sayary, Faculty of Architectural Engineering, Beirut Arab University, Lebanon.

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